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SERICULTURE ACTIVITIES

The office of the Asstistant Director of sericulture , Dindigul was established during the year 1984. There are 4 Units, 5 Technical Service Centres and one Sericulture Co-op Society functioning under this office .

Units:-

There are 4 units functioning under this office, of which there are 2 Silk Farms including One Bi-voltine Seed Farm located at Sirumalaipudur and one Model Mulberry Plantation Farm located at C.K.Pudur. Apart from the farms, one Cross Breed Grainage and One Cocoon Markets are also functioning .

1. Bi-voltine Seed Farm -at Sirumalaipudur

This farm is situated 28 Kilo meteres away from Dindigul at the height of 1800 Mtrs. M.S.L. The climatical conditions prevailing in the hilly area is suitable for Bi-voltine race seed rearing. Seed cocoons produced in this farm are being utilized for production multi Bi-voltine Cross breed layings in the cross breed grainage Dindigul. Nearly two lakhs nos. of Bi-voltine race seed cocoons have been produced every year in this farm.

2. Model mulberry plantation C.K.Pudur.

This unit cater the need of farmers in and around Palani, by providing Technical guidance about Moriculture and silk worm rearing. Every year this farm is producing cross breed cocoons about 250 kgs.

3. Cross Breed Grainage – Dindigul.

This Grainage was established in 1981 for welfare of Dindigul, Theni, Madurai and Virudhunagar District Seri culturists. The role of the Grainage is to produce multi-Bivoltine cross breed layings and distribution of the same to the Seri culturists. This unit produces 2.00 lakhs of Disease free layings every year.

4. Govt. Cocoon market Dindigul.

This Cocoon Market was established in 1979. This unit plays vital role in procurement of cocoon s which are produced by Seri culturists of this district. Every year 10,000 kgs of cocoons have been transacted in this market. This cocoons are supplied to private realer for Reeling purpose.

II. Technical Service Centres:-

There are 335 farmers cultivated Mulberry in 311.50 acres and doing Silkworm rearing. The farmers taken care by the five Technical Service Centres located at Sanarpatti, Palani, Vedasandur, Oddanchatram and Batalagundu. During the year 2002-2003 1,33,680 Dfls were consumed and 67,598 kgs of cocoons were produced and it is programmed to consume 2,50,000 and to produce 1,13,000 kgs of cocoons during this year 2003-2004.

III. Co-Operative Societies- Chinnalapatti. One Silk Reeling Co-Operative Society is functioning at Chinnalapatti which provides employment to 15 Nos. rural women. Every year this unit is producing 1500 kgs of Twisted Silk.

IV. Implementation of Schemes :-

Financial assistance were provided for the Seri culturists under the following schemes.

1. Western Ghat Development Programme:-

During the year 2002- 2003 Seventy farmers have targeted to cover under this scheme. 70 farmers have cultivated mulberry to the extent of 85.30 acre. Following benefits have been provided to each farmer.

1) Mulberry Nursery - Rs. 680/-

2) Farmers Training - Rs. 250/-

3) Training Tools - Rs. 320/-

4) Basic Rearing Appliances - Rs. 1750/-

TOTAL - Rs. 3000/-

During the year 2003 –2004 it is programmed to cover 100 farmers under this scheme.

2. SERI – 2000

20 Farmers of this district have been given one month training in the traditional areas like Erode and Coimbatore district about improved technology in Moriculture and Silkworm rearing. 20 farmers completed the training and provided with stipend of Rs. 3000/- to tune of Rs. 60,000.

3. Centrally sponsored Catalytic development scheme:-

A. a) Construction Rearing Shed subsidy.

Under this scheme it is targeted to cover 4 farmers to rear Bi-voltine silkworm rearing. 50 % subsidy for the construction rearing shed

Rs. 25,000 /- will be provided( Unit cost Rs. 50,000) each with an outlay of Rs. 1.00 lakh.

b) Purchase of Rearing Appliances:-

4 C.S.R hybrid rearing will be provided with 50 % cost of rearing appliances worth of Rs. 10,000/- ( Unit cost Rs. 20,000) each with an outlay of Rs. 40,000/-

c) Drip Irrigation

A target of 5.00 acers was fixed by the Director of sericulture for the year 2002-2003. An amount of Rs. 9515/- will be given as 50% subsidy for installing 1.00 acre of Drip irrigation in mulberry gardens and a farmer can plant minimum of 0.50 acres and a maximum of 2.50 acres to avail the subsidy.

B. Introduction of New Hybrid Mulberry Variety:

Till recently MR-2 variety of Mulberry is considered as the best variety by the farmers, which gives an annual yield of 15,000 kgs per acre. Now the Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute, Mysore has introduced a new variety of Mulberry known as ‘ V1’ which has given an yield of 28,000 Kgs of leaves per acre per annum. So far, 76.85 acres of v1 mulberry have been planted in this district.

VI. INTRODUCTION OF C.S.R. HYBRID SILK WORM EGGS:-

Under the Japan International Co-operation Agencies Japanese Scientist in Co-Operation with C.S.R. & T. I. Scientists invented the new variety of Silkworm, after five years of research. This is called C.S.R. hybrid.

In Dindigul District so far, during the last year (2002-2003 ) Farmers have reared 38,000 layings of CSR Hybrid and produced 18,000. kgs of CSR Hybrid Cocoons . It is programmed to rear 33,000 C.S.R Layings and to harvest 15,000 kgs of cocoons during the year 2003-04.

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